▴ Gold plated Texas state map dangling on gold plated earwires
▴ "Texas" is from the Caddo Indian word "teyshas" (meaning friends or allies). In the 1540s Spanish explorers took this to be a tribal name, recording it as Teyas or Tejas. It came eventually to mean an area north of the Rio Grande and east of New Mexico. The alliance concept is also incorporated into the state motto, which is simply "Friendship."